Stephanie P. OTR

W.H.O. Are You?

What is the World Health Organization (WHO)?

The directing and coordinating authority on international health within the United Nation's system. (WHO, 2018)


What does WHO do?

provides leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed;

- Shapes the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge;

- Sets norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation;

- Articulates ethical and evidence-based policy options;

- Provide technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity; and monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends. (WHO, 2018)


What is the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF)? 

A classification system published by WHO that focuses on the "components of health." (Rosenbaum, 2004)

The ICF model of human functioning and disability reflects the interactive relationship between health conditions and contextual factors. (Rosenbaum, 2004)

Hhmmmm, thinking back to my venn diagram post, what in occupational therapy practice looks at the relationship between the person and their context? Models!


What does this all mean?

The Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (OTPF-II) is well-related to the ICF because of the OTPF-II focus on “supporting health and participation in life through engagement in occupation.” (p. 4; AOTA, 2008, p. 660) 


The OTPF-II sharing the same language as the ICF is important because it helps to address shared goals in collectively. 

I was first introduced to the WHO through a course assignment. For this assignment, I was asked to select an initiative listed by the Healthy People Initiative and present on it. I selected a topic that was personal to me, which was well child visits. The presentation is attached at the bottom of this post.


What is the take-away from this post?

By having an OTPF-II that has language that fits within the ICF, our body of knowledge increases. If we are all on the same page our evidence-base will just become richer which can only improve service-delivery. 


Relevant Artifacts: HP2020 Fact Sheet, HP2020 Presentation

Relevant criteria: B.6.6: HO OTL, B.5.7: GD CR


American Occupational Therapy Association. (2008). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process (2nd ed). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62, 625-683. 

Rosenbaum, P., & Stewart, D. (2004, March). The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: a model to guide clinical thinking, practice and research in the field of cerebral palsy. In Seminars in pediatric neurology (Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 5-10). WB Saunders.

World Health Organization. (2018). What We Do [website]. Retrieved from

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